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Volume: 9, Issue: 7, July, 2019
DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2019.90718



Review Article

Nutritional and therapeutic benefits of medicinal plant Pithecellobium dulce (Fabaceae): A review

Selvakumar Murugesan1, Dinesh Kumar Lakshmanan2, Velusamy Arumugam3, Ronaldo Anuf Alexander4

  Author Affiliations


Abstract

Pithecellobium dulce, an evergreen medium-sized, spiny tree, each part of the plant has vast nutritional values; stuffed with essential vitamins, amino acids, and minerals. The fruits of P. dulce were widely used in Ayurvedic medicines and home remedies. The plant has also been a rich source of biologically active compounds such as tannin, olein, and glycosides. Totally 38 active phytocompounds like quercetin, kaempferol, and dulcitol were identified from the various parts of the plant. Notably, this plant has catechol type of tannins in the bark. There are polyphenol classes of phytocompounds which have found to hold potent antivenom activity. Their fruits are a rich source of phenols, flavonoids, and saponins reported for their efficacy to treat diabetes, oxidative stress, and gastrointestinal disorders. The plant leaf and seed have an antibacterial, antifungal, and adulticidal activities. Thus, the present review describes on exploiting the medicinal properties of P. dulce and its biomedicinal applications in therapeutic development.

Keywords:

Pithecellobium dulce, legume, nutrients, phytochemicals, therapeutic value.



Citation: Selvakumar M, Dinesh Kumar L, Velusamy A, Ronaldo Anuf A. Nutritional and therapeutic benefits of medicinal plant Pithecellobium dulce (Fabaceae): A review. J Appl Pharm Sci, 2019; 9(07):130–139.


Copyright: The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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