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Volume: 9, Issue: 2, February, 2019
DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2019.90209

Research Article

Biological activity of Passiflora edulis f. Flavicarpa ethanolic leaves extract on human colonic adenocarcinoma cells

Valentina Ramirez1, Sandra Sulay Arango1, Maria Elena Maldonado2, Diego Uribe1, Johanny Aguillon3, Jenny Paola Quintero3, Nelsy Loango3

  Author Affiliations


Studies of extracts and phytochemicals from Passiflora genus have shown promissory biological activity for cancer chemoprevention; thus, in this work, it was evaluated the anticancer potential of the ethanolic extract of Passiflora edulis f. Flavicarpa leaves over Caco-2 and SW480 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. The effect of the extract on cell viability was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide and its antiproliferative activity was assessed by clonogenic assays. In addition, by flow cytometry approaches, it was evaluated the apoptosisinducing effect and cell cycle regulation. In this way, it was established the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of the extract over both cell lines and also, it was observed the inhibition of cellular proliferation after 48 hours of exposure to the extract. On the other hand, we observed that the extract induced cell death-mechanisms, by the increasing of the proportion of necrotic and apoptotic cells; furthermore, the extract altered the distribution of cell cycle phases by increasing SubG1 and G2/M populations. Altogether, these results suggest that P. edulis is a potential source of phytochemical compounds with anticancer properties for the management of colorectal cancer patients.


Passiflora edulis, phytochemicals, anticancer potential, colorectal cancer.

Citation: Ramirez V, Arango SS, Maldonado ME, Uribe D, Aguillon J, Quintero JP, Loango N. Biological activity of Passiflora edulis f. Flavicarpa ethanolic leaves extract on human colonic adenocarcinoma cells. J Appl Pharm Sci, 2019;9(02):064–071.

Copyright: The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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