JAPSJournal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science2231-3354Open Science Publishers LLP10.7324/JAPS.2014.41210Estimation of Pharmacokinetic Parameters Using Nonlinear Fixed Effects One Compartment Open ModelMithun Kumar Acharjee Uttom Kumar Sitesh Chandra Bachar Wasimul Bari410Pharmacokinetics (PK) is the science of the kinetics of drug absorption, distribution and elimination. Statistical methods are usually used for PK parameter estimation producing nonlinear responses where drug effect mechanism is modeled using compartmental approach. In the present study, PK parameters were estimated with nonlinear fixed effects one compartment open model where drug dose and sampling time are covariates and the plasma drug concentration is dependent variable. The PK parameters namely absorption rate constant (a), elimination rate constant (b) and apparent volume of distribution (V) were estimated using nonlinear least square method for each individual separately and for all individuals collectively with longitudinal or multiple response plasma drug concentration-time data obtained from 24 healthy human volunteers with reference drug product of Atorvastatin. The estimates for combined data were â =0.13±0.13hr-1, (b ) ̂=0.49±0.13hr-1, (V ) ̂=248±0.05L. All the individuals were again stratified into three categories based on Body Mass Index (BMI) and the PK parameters were estimated for each stratum accordingly (stratum-normal: â=0.12±0.17hr-1, b ̂=0.47±0.17hr-1, V ̂=250.24±0.07L; stratum-overweight: â =0.15±0.24hr-1, (b ) ̂=0.47±0.25hr-1, (V ) ̂=267.25±0.09L; stratum-underweight: â =0.13±0.13hr-1, b ̂=0.49±0.13hr-1, V ̂=245±0.05L).keywordsCompartmental Model Nonlinear Fixed Effects Model Nonlinear Least Square Method Pharmacokinetics Pharmacokinetic Parameters Estimation.61072References